On Wednesday the Czech President Miloš Zeman presented his views in the European Parliament. What kind of Europe does he want?
The attitude of the President of the Czech Republic to his European vision in points:
Miloš Zeman supports:
- creation of a full European political government that would replace the clerical European Commission
- unified foreign and defence policy
- unified social and economic policy
- the federation according to him should establish the minimum, not the maximum, limit of taxes
- creation of a unified and efficient European army
- full legislative initiative of the European Parliament
- European candidatures, not the current national ones
- the Banking Union (he sees the advantage of two controlling mechanisms: ECB and national banks)
- auditing of state budgets (however, the structure should remain in the competence of the national governments and parliaments)
- in the long term: accession of Russia to the EU (it should become one of the leading countries of the European Union)
- accession of Croatia and potential accession of Serbia; so far he is not considering accession of any other of Balkan states
- the European Constitution which “should set the competence in which the national state is too weak”
- bankruptcy of Greece “so that it would work as a deterrent for other countries”
- the Eurozone which has to have “unified fiscal policy, debt brake and unified tax policy”
- accepting the Euro around the year 2017
Miloš Zeman rejects:
- unitary superstate with unified norms; he dislikes hyper-regulation of the inner market
- joining the European Stabilising Mechanism (ESM)
- accession of Turkey to the EU
- current form of the EU agricultural policy
- multiculturalism (he uses the “Muslim ghettos in Western Europe where the ability to assimilate is close to zero” as an argument)
- possible accession of Kazakhstan to the EU (similarly to Turkey he backs his arguments up by the cultural differences)
- Lisbon Treaty which he considers a “balderdash”
- any kind of support of the Palestinian leaders in misusing the financial means
The form of the European integration – institutional vision
Miloš Zeman supports the continuation of the European integration. According to him it is the way to “increase the effectiveness of all the EU member states and the way to improve the prestige of the European Union”. He calls himself a “Eurofederalist”.
In broad terminology, federation means: “full economic, fiscal, financial, social and political union with strong executive (European government) and legislative organs (Parliament) able to make autonomous decisions reflecting the true European interests”. In accordance with this vision, Miloš Zeman is a supporter of a transfer of some powers onto a supranational level and of a creation of a fully-fledged European political government. Federative Europe should have unified foreign and defence policy, unified social and economic policy and should also create a unified European army. Miloš Zeman’s argument for this is the European defensive inability and the fact that the Europe’s security is financed mainly by the Americans via the NATO. The European army should therefore be able to autonomously execute foreign interventions.* It is because of the terrorist threat the EU should perform stricter policy because the current “mildly pacifistic attitude deepens the conflicts even more”.
On the other hand Miloš Zeman rejects the idea of the European unitary superstate with unified norms. Harmonising legal regulations of the Union are supposed to ensure that “the products introduced at the European market are of high quality when it comes to protection of health, security and environment and to ensure free mobility of the products by replacing interstate rules with unified harmonised system of product introductory conditions so that the products would become freely mobile”. And it is the regulations of the European inner market that became the target of Zeman’s criticism.