Publications

2018 Ranking of countermeasures by the EU28 to the Kremlin’s subversion operations

This report is a follow-up to the Overview of countermeasures by the EU28 to the Kremlin’s subversion operations conducted by the European Values Think-Tank and published in May 2017. It summarises the attitudes, policies, and strategic responses of the EU28 to Russia’s disinformation campaigns and other hostile influence operations. The special focus in this updated issue is on the main developments and changes, positive or negative, which took place during the months after the original report was published. Specifically, the developments have been updated up to June 1st, 2018. Read the PDF. 

Legitimization of the Russian Federation regime by the Members of Parliament of the Czech Republic

Czech deputies and senators regularly travel to Eastern Ukraine and Crimea, the regions that are suffering from the conflict with Pro-Russian separatists. There is one concrete goal in these trips and that is to legitimize the Russian foreign policy and their regime and not only for the Russian internal propaganda but to the international audience as well. Czech legislators behave this way with no matter how the official Czech or EU foreign policies are, precisely speaking of the sanction regime that was enforced on Russia in 2014 for breaking the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine by the RF. Download the new Kremlin Watch Report by Junior Analyst Markéta Krejčí hereČíst dále

Prague Manual

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Kremlin Watch Program presents a flagship publication from the 2018 STRATCOM SUMMIT: The Prague Manual: How to Tailor National Strategy Using Lessons Learned from Countering Kremlin’s Hostile Subversive Operations in Central and Eastern Europe.  Číst dále

The Czech President searching for the Novichok in the Czech Republic

New Kremlin Watch Report by Markéta Krejčí, a Junior Analyst, looks into the accusations of Czech involvement in the case of Skripal’s poisoning, which were fueled by Czech president Zeman’s statements. The report concludes that there is no reason to think that the Czech Republic is involved in Skripal’s poisoning by creating or handling the Novichok and that the Czech president again proved that he will serve the interests of Kremlin and go against the official Czech position. Read the full reportČíst dále

Existing Measures Against Islamic Extremism

European Values Think-Tank and The Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies present a new background paper, which provides a brief introduction to the existing measures against Islamic extremism in Europe. It describes some of the measures adopted by the European Union, as well as selected Member States: France, United Kingdom, and Germany. Access the paper hereČíst dále

Kremlin Watch Reader 2017

The Kremlin Watch Team monitors on weekly basis scientific publications in the field of disinformation and hostile Russian influence. The following reader brings you the most interesting analyses in this area, which we read in the year 2017. The reader can serve as a tool for acquiring a broader view on the subject, though of course, it is not complete or exhaustive. Číst dále

State of the Czech disinformation community in 2017

The following Kremlin Watch Report deals with the activities of the Czech disinformation community. Specifically, it provides an overview of the key systematic findings about Czech disinformation outlets based on investigations into the topic carried out by the Kremlin Watch Program since November 2015. Therefore, it is not an in-depth research into individual cases, nor an overview of the whole disinformation scene, which includes non-governmental organisations, informal groups on social media, politicians and other entities. It is rather a brief excursion into the topic with some examples of the most powerful and active disinformation outlets and their practice. It will mostly serve to those exploring the topic, and it will also provide a general overview to all who are not yet aware how the Czech local disinformation scene works. Given the fact that the report deals with an issue that is dynamic and volatile, general trends that are identified in this report might slowly change depending on the receptivity of the Czech public to disinformation. The full report is available in PDF. Číst dále

Making online platforms responsible for news content

This paper aims to contribute to the highly salient debate on fake news and hate speech by analysing possible ways of online platforms’ regulation. The paper firstly outlines the main challenges currently posed by the rapid spread of hate speech and fake news to democracy. Secondly, it describes the sheer influence of online platforms on contemporary media consumption, the duopolistic position of Facebook and Google in the global digital advertising market and the vast legal protections these online platforms currently enjoy in both the EU and the US. The paper then proceeds to a comprehensive overview of relevant proposals and initiatives, put forward by governments, but also the civil society, the private sector and the platforms themselves. Available in PDFČíst dále

Policy shift overview: How the Czech Republic became one of the European leaders in countering Russian disinformation

Over the last year, the Czech Republic has undergone a major policy shift on the topic of Russian disinformation. Many questions have been raised on how it has happened and what practically it means. This paper aims to bring a simplified overview of what has happened in this particular field in the Czech context since 2014. This Kremlin Watch Report is available in PDFČíst dále

How Kremlin controls major Russian media

European Values Think-Tank presents a new Kremlin Watch Report, authored by Ilyas Sharibzhanov, Analyst of the Kremlin Watch Programme. Mass media in Russia have changed significantly since the days of President Yeltsin and the contrast with the free and independent media in Russia of just 20 years ago has been ever so evident for the past three years, with Russia’s media turning from a market into a state-organized system of propaganda machine. The document analyses these changes and is available in PDFČíst dále

Coverage of Angela Merkel in Some CEE Media

As part of the development of the Beacon Project’s ICT data collection tool, IRI conducted its first case study on the way Angela Merkel is portrayed in some of the most popular articles and social media in Central and Eastern Europe (specifically Slovakia, Czech Republic, and Hungary). The study was conducted with the Beacon Project’s core partners in the respective countries Globsec Policy Institute (Slovakia), European Values Think Tank (Czech Republic), and Political Capital Institute (Hungary). Access the full PDF here. Číst dále

Kremlin Watch Reader 2016

The Kremlin Watch Team monitors on weekly basis scientific publications in the field of disinformation and hostile Russian influence. The following reader brings you the most interesting analyses in this area, which we read in the year 2016. The reader can serve as a tool for acquiring a broader view on the subject, though of course, it is not complete or exhaustive. Číst dále

Security Situation in the Baltic States in 2015: The Role of Russia

This overview covers the events in 2015, based on the Annual Report of the Latvian Security Police (DP) , Annual Review of the Estonian Internal Security Service (KAPO) , and the National Security Threat Assessment of the Lithuanian State Security Department (VSD) . All three reports identify the activity of the Russian government, military, and intelligence services as the primary threat to security and stability in the region. Číst dále

Forecast of the Development of the Politico-Security Environment from the Perspective of the Interests of the Czech Republic 2016 – 2019

The research project with the participation of twenty-four experts from the Czech security and intelligence community is answering the question regarding which factors will have the main impact on the European politico-security environment from the perspective of the public interests of the Czech Republic between 2016 and 2019. In the next three years, we expect the most complicated development of the political, social, and security environment in Europe since the past several decades. Číst dále

The Language of Fear: A Report on the Advocates, Critics and Victims of the Term “Islamophobia”

A number of critics have disputed the utility of using the term “Islamophobia” and offered a number of arguments for its abandonment. The debate over the existence of the phenomenon of Islamophobia has continued to the present moment and shows no signs of stopping, partly because of the fundamental implications involved in cases where the criminalisation of “Islamophobia” has been introduced into the legal system. As the term is now being used by public institutions even in the Visegrad area, it seems useful to review the way it has been proliferated since the 1990s and assert its utility in light of the arguments brought by its propagators and opponents alike. Číst dále

Russia’s information war in Central Europe: New trends and counter-measures

The main purpose of Russia’s information campaign, as part of hybrid warfare, is to undermine its opponents. Rather than promoting Russia itself, it seeks to achieve gradual decomposition of the institutional framework and security architecture of Europe. The key targets of the Kremlin’s divide et impera strategy in Central Europe have been the EU and NATO, as well as the United States. At the same time, the mass influx of disinformation often serves Russia directly, presenting it in a positive light at the local level, sometimes even depicting it in the role of the only rational actor, unrecognized or misunderstood peacemaker and saviour.

This data report is published within the framework of the GLOBSEC Policy Institute (GPI) Strategic Communication Initiative, which monitors, analyses and discloses Russian propaganda and its domestic actors in countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE).  In partnership with the Political Capital Institute (Hungary) and European Values (Czech Republic).

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Disinformation operations in the Czech Republic

The European Values Think-Tank presents a representative survey among residents of the Czech Republic conducted by the STEM agency. The level of trust towards disinformation spread by alternative media was tested. Based on this data, Disinformation Index was created. The project was done together with Slovak Atlantic Commission within framework of “GLOBSEC Trends”.

Download the full report here. Číst dále

Mechanisms of Influence of the Russian Federation into Internal Affairs of the Czech Republic

In our latest paper Jakub Janda and Ondřej Kundra have written on the topic of the current state of influence of the Russian Federation in the Czech Republic. The authors identify primary interests of the Russian Federation in the Czech Republic, give examples of these related operations and provide an analytical structure to describe the influence of foreign powers. Číst dále

How to Distinguish Pro-Kremlin Disinformation

Nowadays, due to the endless possibilities of spreading unverified information, especially with the help of social networks, which are often used for political gains, hundreds of politicians, journalists and analysts use the term “disinformation”. As political and expert community struggles to use shared typology on this matter, analysts speak about this phenomenon in a similar way, but there are dozens of interpretations of what each term means and how it is perceived. That causes inaction and exhausting need for never-ending explanations of what means what. Therefore, we are summing up already existing definitions and frameworks.  Číst dále

Time for centre-right to strike back

Political parties which are building on identity populism have already been gaining ground across Europe for the past several years. They are now stronger than ever in the European Parliament with two political groups (Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy, Europe of Nations and Freedom) and many other MEPs among the non-attached and within other groups accounting for up to one fifth of the house. Furthermore, almost all new regional and national elections held in the EU member states show that anti-immigration, anti-minorities, anti-EU, and anti-establishment rhetoric is an increasingly attractive offer for the voters. Číst dále

The Weaponization of Culture: Kremlin’s traditional agenda and the export of values to Central Europe

The hybrid warfare that Russia has been waging against Europe and the West, especially since the beginning of the Ukrainian crisis is a fight for people’s minds and souls. Russia does not only try to undermine trust in Europe and its institutions among its citizens, but it also aims to offer an alternative. We present this joint analytical paper by Political Capital with contributions by Jakub Janda and Ondřej Kundra, investigative journalist and Head of Political Desk at Czech Weekly Respekt.

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The Bear in Sheep’s Clothing: Russia’s Government-Funded Organisations in the EU

This paper sheds light on organisations operating in Europe that are funded by the Russian government, whether officially or unofficially. These include government-organised non-governmental organisations (GONGOs), non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and think tanks.

Their goal is to shift European public opinion towards a positive view of Russian politics and policies, and towards respect for its great power ambitions. In light of Russia’s annexation of Crimea and Russian aggression in Eastern Ukraine, the overt or covert support for these organisations must become a matter of concern to the EU.

The EU’s politicians and citizens should look at the activities of the Russian GONGOs and think tanks as challenges that can help improve national and EU-level decision-making mechanisms, increase transparency in policymaking and deepen the involvement of citizens and civil society organisations in the democratic process.

The paper recommends, among other measures, fostering the EU’s own narrative, which is based on human rights, freedom and equality; supporting pro-democratic civil society so that Europeans become more resistant to Russian propaganda; and increasing transparency requirements for NGOs and lobbyists by setting up a mandatory lobbying register at the EU level.

Co-authored for WMCES by Vlaďka Vojtíšková, our junior analyst.

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EU Global Strategy: Empty Wishes, No Real Plan

The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, fulfilled its commitment at the June European Council meeting introducing a new European Union foreign policy strategy- an estimated thirteen years after the Solana´s European Security Strategy.

But the new EU strategy is too abstract and provides minimum specific guidelines. Challenges and threats are not classified and their definitions are often vague. The main downside of the document is its excessive idyllic nature and ambiguity. Document is missing further characterization and development of concepts such as strategic communication, durability, and integrated approaches to conflict or EU-NATO cooperation.

Among its positive aspects is the explicit naming of Russian aggression in the Crimea including strategic communication as a tool of war against disinformation and fulfilment of international commitments vis-a-vis Sustainable Development Goals and/or development aid. Despite all expectations, the Global strategy is a product whose added value can be effectively doubted. Please read below our complete evaluation.

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Full-Scale Democratic Response to Hostile Disinformation Operations

We present our complex strategy “50 Measures to Oust Kremlin Hostile Disinformation Influence out of Europe“. This paper has been consulted with several dozens of state and non-state diplomatic, academic, security and intelligence professionals. The author would like to express his gratitude for their inputs and feedback. Special thanks goes to Ben Nimmo, Peter Pomerancev, Stefan Meister, Yevhen Fedchenko, Jakub Kalenský and Peter Kreko. Číst dále

Recommendation for the Czech Strategy against Systematic Disinformation Campaigns of Foreign Powers

European Values Think-Tank’s Jakub Janda, Head of the Kremlin Watch Programme, put together a cohesive recommendation for the Czech Strategy against Systematic Disinformation Campaigns of Foreign Powers. This strategy proposal was developed under umbrella of Audit of National Security, organized by Interior Ministry of the Czech Republic. European Values Think-Tank served as a consultant for chapter “Influence of Foreign Powers”. Číst dále

Schengen in the spotlight: a Europe with or without borders?

In the context of the ongoing refugee and migration crisis the new focus of the EPC’s Migration and Diversity (EMD) Programme is to generate and develop policy recommendations, provide decision-makers and public opinion with expertise and independent information, as well as to promote a positive and constructive dialogue on the multidimensional consequences of Europe’s migration crisis.

The European Values Think Tank contributed to this new publication by EPC titled “Schengen in the spotlight: a Europe with or without borders?” with a chapter by Radko Hokovský, the executive director.

 

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Anti-Radicalisation Measures in the EU

The European Values Think-Tank introduces a background paper “Anti-Radicalisation Measure in the EU”. Radicalisation – both political and religious – presents one of the biggest security threats for European states and their democratic systems.  This paper focuses at ways how to tackle militant Islamism, which at present seems to be the most serious challenge especially in the Western Europe. The analysis was created by the Counter-Radicalisation Task Force, an expert group which analyses the trend of radicalisation among European Muslims. It is available in PDF format HEREČíst dále

Greece and the protection of the external borders of the Schengen area

The European Values think tank  publishes this background paper entitled “Greece and the protection of the external borders of the Schengen area”. The text was written by the analysts from the Migration Policy Task Force, the expert group of the European Values think tank, which deals with migration and asylum policy on the Czech and European level. Its aim is to develop solution proposals and legislative measures to ensure control over how many people, of what the origin and qualifications, reside in the Czech Republic and in the member states. The paper is available here in PDFČíst dále

The Challenge of the Islamic State

The European Values Think-Tank is publishing a background paper “The Challenge of the Islamic State”, authored by Shmuel Bar, Senior Research Fellow at the Samuel Neaman Institute for National Policy Research, founder and CEO of IntuView Ltd. This background paper was written for the 2015 Prague European Summit. It is available in PDF format HERE. Číst dále

The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Summary

  • The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice is given by the article 3/2 of the European Union Agreement: “The Union shall offer its citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, in which the free movement of persons is ensured in conjunction with appropriate measures with respect to external border controls, asylum, immigration and the prevention and combating of crime.”
  • The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice is also paid attention to in the Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).
  • In order to build the area of freedom, security and justice, the Stockholm programme setting the aims and priorities of the European Union (EU) was adopted in 2009.
  • The topics contained in the Stockholm programme include harmonisation in the area of criminal and civil rights with the cross border elements, fight against organised crime and terrorism, visa policy and security of the external border, finishing of the asylum system and common immigration policy.
  • The programme was a five-year programme and it will expire by the end of the year 2014; at its meeting in June the European Council, based on the article 68 of the TFEU, will adopt strategic changes to the legislative and operative planning replacing the Stockholm programme for the next term.
  • At its meeting, the European Council will have to evaluate the existing development in the area and define the key topics for the future.

The emphasis should be on the implementation and advancement of the existing regulations rather than on creation of new legislation.

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Two-pack: podklad think-tanku Evropské hodnoty

Think-tank Evropské hodnoty vydává pod názvem “Two pack” podklad, který se věnuje nejnovějšímu vývoji v oblasti integrace fiskální politiky. Autoři Jan Famfule a Kamil Kovář analyzují tento nový legislativní balíček a zasahují ho do kontextu dalších opatřeních, kterými Evropská unie reaguje na finanční krizi. V PDF verzi si ho můžete stáhnout ZDE.

Studie: Jak mají politické strany čelit politickým extremistům?

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Think-tank Evropské hodnoty a Liga lidských práv za podpory Think Tank Fund Open Society Foundations dokončili mezinárodní výzkumný projekt Defining Responses to Rise of Extremism in Europe, jehož výstupem je čtyřsetstránková editovaná monografie.

Ta se zabývá dvěma oblastmi: její první polovina se zaměřuje na rovinu politického diskurzu týkajícího se integrace menšin a imigrantů, druhá polovina se věnuje evaluaci samotných integračních politik.  Studie se zaměřují na Rakousko, Maďarsko, Dánsko, Českou republiku, samostatné kapitoly jsou věnovány analýze unijní úrovně.

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Jaká rozhodnutí čekají české europoslance v letech 2014-2019?


prospektivNa základě jednoduchého metodologického rámce tato studie přichází s katalogem klíčových témat, o kterých se bude rozhodovat v Evropské unii v následujících letech. Jsou to otázky, o nichž budou přímo či nepřímo spolurozhodovat poslanci, které si zvolíme ve volbách do Evropského parlamentu (EP) v květnu 2014. Podstatným prvkem je posílení role EP dle platné Lisabonské smlouvy ve volbě předsedy Komise, která bude následovat po ustavení nového parlamentu v červenci 2014. Volby do EP tak přeneseně mimo jiné rozhodnou o předsedovi Komise, jejích členech a dalších předních představitelích Unie. Další balík důležitých témat tvoří neutěšený stav evropských ekonomik. Boj s nezaměstnaností nejen mládeže, vleklá krize eurozóny, neschopnost některých států dostát svým finančním závazkům a vynucená úsporná opatření tvoří prostor pro soupeření různých politických konceptů a návrhů řešení. Toto soupeření se odehrává jak na tradičním pravolevém politickém spektru, tak i na specifické štěpící linii mezi posilováním společných řešení nebo naopak preferováním národní úrovně. Stranou by nezůstane ani budoucí vývoj Společné zahraniční a bezpečnostní politiky, která by měla posílit vliv EU na globální úrovni, tak aby odpovídal její ekonomické síle. Podobně i spolupráce v oblasti energetiky a ochrany životního prostředí v sobě obsahuje mnoho kontroverzních témat s výraznými ekonomickými dopady. Volby do EP mohou rozhodnout o budoucím směru EU a bylo by chybou v kampani zůstat pouze u domácích témat.

Samotná studie ke stažení ZDE.

Studie: Jak pracovali čeští europoslanci v letech 2009 – 2013?

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Tato studie se zabývá systematickým hodnocením práce českých europoslanců za období od posledních voleb. Konkrétně tedy od počátku sedmého funkčního období až do posledního plenárního zasedání před začátkem zpracování této studie (14. 07. 2009–14. 07. 2013). Navazuje na obdobné odborné práce z jiných států EU a snaží se přinést relevantní argumenty pro rozhodování ve volbách do Evropského parlamentu (EP) v květnu 2014. Nutnost podrobněji sledovat práci europoslanců je úzce svázána se zvyšujícími se pravomocemi EP. Studie pracuje s osmi kvantitativními indikátory činnosti poslanců EP. Jedná se o docházku na plenární zasedání a účast na jmenovitých hlasováních. Dále jsou to počty zpráv předložených zpravodajem, stanovisek (k legislativním návrhům) předložených navrhovatelem, pozměňovacích návrhů, parlamentních otázek (směřovaných na Radu a Komisi), písemných prohlášení, návrhů usnesení, o nichž se hlasuje na plenárním zasedání, a nakonec o počty vystoupení na plenárním zasedání. Tato data jsou následovně zpracována do tabulek a žebříčků, aby poslanci mohli být snadno porovnáni mezi sebou navzájem. Druhým srovnáním je vztažení výsledků českých europoslanců jako celku na kontrolní skupiny – například průměrné hodnoty daných indikátorů pro postkomunistické státy EU nebo původní EU – 15. Výsledky ukazují, že jednotliví čeští europoslanci se ve své pracovní aktivitě na půdě EP výrazně liší. Od velmi aktivních europoslanců, kteří snesou srovnání i s poslanci EU – 15, až po ty, kteří v oblastech vyžadujících větší osobní iniciativu zcela zaostávají a jejich práce se nejeví jako dostatečná. To představuje výrazný argument pro výběr nových kandidátů v příštím roce. Další významné zjištění je, že průměrné hodnoty pro české europoslance se zpravidla nacházejí pod průměry kontrolních skupin, což ještě podtrhává nutnost věnovat v nadcházející předvolební kampani pozornost i otázce pracovní aktivity českých europoslanců, zvláště u těch kandidátů, kteří usilují o znovuzvolení.

Samotná studie ke stažení ZDE.

Background paper: Vyzbrojování Armády České republiky

Cílem tohoto analytického textu je zmapovat veřejnou a odbornou diskuzi o reformě armády České republiky a zvážit možnosti, které má armáda při vyzbrojování. Tento dokument je dílčím výstupem Programu o českých zájmech v Evropě pro talentované studenty. Bude sloužit jako podklad pro veřejnou debatu, kterou think-tank Evropské hodnoty pořádá 27. března 2013 v Praze. Postoje prezentované v textu vyjadřují názor autorů a nemusejí se shodovat s postoji organizátora (Evropské hodnoty) ani partnerů projektu. Číst dále

Background paper: Česká imigrační politika – stát se stává vyhledávanou cílovou zemí?

Cílem tohoto analytického textu je zmapovat veřejnou a odbornou diskuzi o směřování české imigrační politiky v evropském kontextu. Tento dokument je dílčím výstupem Programu o českých zájmech v Evropě pro talentované studenty. Tento dokument sloužil jako podklad pro veřejnou debatu, kterou think-tank Evropské hodnoty pořádal 13. února v Praze. Postoje prezentované v textu vyjadřují názor autorů a nemusejí se shodovat s postoji  organizátora (Evropské hodnoty) ani partnerů projektu.

DOKUMENT KE STAŽENÍ V PDF

Background paper: Česká zahraniční politika – lidská práva, nebo ekonomické zájmy?

Cílem tohoto analytického paperu je zmapovat veřejnou a odbornou diskuzi o směřování české zahraniční politiky mezi hodnotami, jakými jsou podpora dodržování lidských práv ve světě na jedné straně a primární podpora ekonomických zájmů na straně druhé. Tento dokument je dílčím výstupem Programu o českých zájmech v Evropě pro talentované studenty. Sloužil jako podklad pro veřejnou debatu, kterou think-tank Evropské hodnoty pořádal 6. prosince 2012 v Praze.

 DOKUMENT KE STAŽENÍ V PDF

Tajemství českého úspěchu?!

11Může být Česká republika v Evropské unii úspěšnější? Můžeme lépe využít možností, které nám členství v Unii nabízí? Můžeme se dokonce zařadit mezi ty státy, které mají klíčové slovo při každodenním rozhodování a určování dalšího směřování evropské integrace? Rozhodně ano! Tato publikace přináší refl exe, analýzy a konkrétní doporučení předních odborníků na fungování EU, kteří odkrývají, v čem spočívá tajemství úspěchu České republiky v Evropské unii.

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Policy Papers Europe freer, safer stronger and more prosperous

3Publikace policy paperů European Values Network 2009 přináší návrhy na řešení hlavních výzev, kterým v současné době evropská společnost čelí – forma spolupráce mezi EU a Ruskem, fungování evropské obranné politiky, stanovení společných norem pro integraci imigrantů, nastavení jednotného evropského trhu a zvýšení zájmu voličů o evropské volby. Policy papery jsou výsledkem třetího ročníku programu European Values Network.

 

 

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Europe freer, safer, stronger

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Publikace policy paperů European Values Network 2008 představuje návrhy na řešení hlavních výzev, kterým v současné době evropská společnost čelí – legitimita vládnutí v EU, hranice a sousedství EU, prevence ilegální imigrace, nové strategie pro transatlantické partnerství, konkurenceschopnost ekonomiky a sociální systémy v EU. Policy papery jsou výsledkem druhého ročníku programu European Values Network.

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